Thursday, December 16, 2010

Ghost-Photos from World War II

Incredible images of Russian and German cities, with modern and wartime photos superimposed
Link to photographer Sergey Larenkov's website here.

A comment on the photo of the blown-out building linked to an online first-person account of firefighting efforts during the 1942 bombings of Leningrad.  Here is a copy of a Google-translated version:

Chapter 5.
Tragedy on Borovoy
1942. November 8, Monday. Brought many troubles bombs dropped on the street Borovoy. Several houses have been destroyed, there was a big fire. Affected about 60 people.
AV Burov. embargo, day after day
Together with the entire country Leningrad celebrates 25 years of the Great October Socialist Revolution. Despite the blockade, the city was still decorated. Day 7 November was relatively calm, apart from a few high explosive bombs dropped by the Nazis in the Moscow district. Fighter aircraft and air defense of the defense were on holiday watch - for three festive days were shot down over Leningrad 22 aircraft of the enemy.

But the day on Nov. 8, an enemy plane is still broke the city and threw several explosive pyatisotkilogrammovyh bombs.There were two lights up homes that were quickly extinguished by local militias MoEHE. In place of the fall of bombs were sent to fire patrols, but no sign of fire was found. Firefighters assisted units in the district headquarters MoEHE lesions demolition rubble and retrieve them from the victims, seen as employees of district executive committee promptly loaded into trucks surviving property from victim's home and resettled homeless people. They have been very few. There were no signs of trouble. But on the night of November 9, at 2 hours 52 minutes regional headquarters MoEHE received from his post monitoring the first alarming message: the Borovoi street 26, where a semitone bomb disorganized five-storey house on fire. Message was received also from the candy-chocolate factory, located at the corner Borovoy and Socialist. Apparently, one of the premises of an apartment house at the time of the fall of the bomb burned some heating [54] center or home-made lamp. This little ochazhok could gradually flare and broken and splintered wooden structures develop into a great fire, bright flame lit up the night outside.

At 2 hours 53 minutes, the fire-pump left school early nachsostava, located at the corner of Prospect and Lithuania Bypass Canal.

By this time the fire service headquarters of the city also received several messages from the observation posts, sent to the fire-pump the second school, the 7 th-pump fire brigade and the 4 th precinct team MoEHE.

The cab-pump school junior nachsostava next to the driver sitting head of the school GE Selits-cue. After the evacuation of the Faculty of Engineering Fire Defence in Baku, head of the department of fire tactics Selitskii was a prominent specialist on in Leningrad and was appointed head of the school, which, along with parts of the district participated in the extinguishing of the most difficult fires. Here and now, having reached first, he peered into the bright glare of a large fire. -Pump barely made his way to Borovoy. Explored the rubble and a huge bomb craters in the middle of the street, the driver, frantically turning the wheel, finally arrived close to the burning house. In the middle of the house was burning a pile of milled designs, from which ascended to heaven sparks and burning goloveshek. The crackling flames, the roar breaking designs and unbearable heat is not even allowed to conduct reconnaissance of fire. One thing was clear Selitskogo - to suppress such a focus needs considerable force and fire one pump out of the question. A glow must be eliminated as quickly as possible. After all, has long been clear to the tactics of the enemy: the glow of a fire at night or smoke landmark day to open artillery fire sighting. And this new failure, the new victims.

- The Messenger - called Selitskii - transmit a signal number 4, Borova street, 26. Follow the Glazovskaya {8} , Socialist and Borovoy from Ligovka. Travel from the Bypass canal no! Clear? Perform? [55]
- Comrade Chief, I have tried to establish a connection, but phones do not work everywhere, apparently, broke the cable.
Connected combat crew school Anya Butorova guiltily looked at the head of school, like the phones are out of order on her personal fault.
- Or, scoot up to our school? Then three hundred meters, if courts? And from there, so over the phone will give a signal to headquarters.
- Well, well. Perhaps no other choice - Selitskii agreed, and she began to run on the littered street. 

(In May 1943, a brave connected Anya Butorova oil depot on fire "red oil man" will come under artillery fire, and a fragment of a projectile would leave her without a leg).

Sending a coherent, Selitskii began to inspect the burning building. High-explosive bomb struck the left side of the facade of the house, brought down a staircase and covered entry arch. Nearest to a nearby house stairway survived, and it appeared to create a possibility of occurrence of her last-minute floor adjacent courtyard wing, but the overlap of the wings have been suspended since the outer wall collapsed and the fire quickly spread on the bare structures, going to the attic . Courtyard was littered with crumbling part of the street wing. Gun blast windows and doors Nadvornaya wing caught fire from the heat produced by the main fire. In adjacent to number 26 houses number 24 and number 28, equal in height, roofs were torn off and covered in his time superphosphate, fireproof WELDING rafters and purlins restrained the development of several loft fire, but could ignite at any time. The blast was also hit a three-storey house number 17, stood on the other side of the road: taking off on his razvorochenny attic sparks and set fire to bunt well.

Worried Selitskogo and water. This district the Frunze district of the city had no natural or artificial water sources, except for the Bypass Canal, but the steepness and height of its banks precluded the installation of a fire-pump. Fire water supply was solved here [56] due to an extensive network of fire hydrants located on highways fire-economic urban water supply network with diameters from 4 to 24 inches, it would seem, completely ensuring the pumps. But in water supply networks, due to lack of electricity, the pressure was only about half of the atmosphere, which could hardly ensure the work of the four-pump, placed at different parts of the network. Outside air temperature was minus twelve degrees, so when you stop the water in the lines that they can fail due to freezing.

Very soon, with the surrounding streets began to be heard signals "cuckoo". Hence, Anna ran and passed a message to headquarters. And then with Soykina alley for upland drove car combat units Frunze district. She climbed out of the team leader, one of the oldest fire Garrison, Alexander G. Bogdanovic. A tall, thin man with an ascetic, pale face, in light of nickel-plated helmet "kavalergardochke, always chic, with a special sitting on his head (he did not recognize any liner in any frosts), Bogdanovich was famous for its exceptional durability and a rare ability to transfer any smoke. Behind him out of the car seemed to Senior Inspector RUPO Anatoly Gavrilov, the teacher was disbanded at the beginning of the war schools NCO them. Kuibyshev.

On the Status of Selitskii made available to arriving Chief District Office. He quickly went to Bogdanovich, but he stepped forward, put his hand to his cap helmets and asked loudly:

- What will be the indication, George E.?
Selitskii already used to that out of respect for his knowledge and experiences sometimes disrupted the system of decision management, therefore, not becoming a wrangle, he simply said:
- You see what a difficult fire, Alexander G.? No approaches. Not enter into the courtyard - the stairs collapsed. Try to explore approaches to Glazovskaya street. Take-pump 2 nd team and act. The first stems enter the main chamber.

By order of the staff arrived at the fire task force of the city. It was headed by Boris D. [57] Ivanov. Its not in any rush of fire with anyone could be confused. Perhaps, the only fat fire in Leningrad, he had a mountain towering among malnourished officers and men of combat crews. Fat face with full lips and bulging eyes expressive of calm. For his immense back Selitskii not immediately spotted the Chief of Staff RTP Sergei Ivanov and Chief of the rear Theodore Milyudkova.

- George E., manual fire extinguishing assume - after hearing a detailed report Selitskogo, "Ivanov said. - The fire seriously, and from the headquarters of the city MoEHE require faster than its localization. Understand they can - you do not want the holidays such fireworks. After all, the fascists will not fail to extend the pockets of aimed fire. You make your way with their cadets on a staircase at home in 1926, Bogdanovich let continues to operate with Glazovskaya street, and I'll be on the facade.You, Fyodor, - he turned to Milyudkovu - order of special importance - let the water! Try to connect with water utilities, insists on increasing the pressure on the network. Offensive to guide them Borovoy and through the arch into the courtyard. All trunks letters "A" with rolled showers. Take Action! Yes, and what it's Soykinom lane?

- Fugaska landed in the former church building used by factory "Bolshevichka a storehouse of textiles and thread, - said Selitskii. - There are 5 th team led by Rakovich tank and the third team, who sent back the first pump 1. I know that the water they have extracted. My first-pump with two groups of students here at Borovoy. Allow me to go to them?
- Go! - Allow Ivanov. And Selitskii hurried to his cadets, punching with two barrels through the window openings of the facade of the building.

Meanwhile, Bogdanovich has introduced six barrels through the arched openings with Glazovskaya streets, Head 7 th team Wasilewski, knocking the fire on Ignition window frames the courtyard wing, started the trunk in the stairwell wing adjacent to the facade. From all sides - from the Socialist streets Volokolam alley with Borovoy, from the streets of Marat - firefighters pulled hose lines. Out calculations on the positions 4, 5 and 8 teams. When the deputy arrived at [58] Golubev, Head of Department, the fire was surrounded. After hearing a report Ivanov and taking leadership, he ordered to organize in a house heating and Recreation personnel. By all accounts the fire was on the decline.

- Placement of people will not change. Done right, - said Golubev. - I go around the hearth, and see what is on the sectors.

From the very first steps of the head of extinguishing the fire felt that all was not right, as it seemed at first. Obviously there is a shortage of water. City water could increase pressure on the network, and many of the pumps choked, leaving no water has come to grips with fire firefighters.

- Water! Water! Not enough water - met RTP Head Guard 2 nd team, advancing to the fire in the yard with Glazovskaya street. - Comrade Chief, what do you do? With water shortages - have to retreat - reported Bogdanovich and sadly waved. There's nothing worse for the fire, as seen already zatushennye sites again erupted once again begin their dance of the flames.
- Call gorvodoprovod, explain the situation - told Bogdanovich Golubev. - For now concentrate all forces on the main focus.
- Comrade Chief, in the center lane Soykinom liquidated - went to the chief Golubev 5 th team Anton Rakovic. - The demolition and pouring his boss left guard. Allow me to his people. They work on the facade of the building.
- Of course, Anton Osipovich. Join the guide and his men, often stem change. They have a very difficult position.

Golubev was well aware of the low dense head the team. Modest, laconic, seemingly unremarkable Rakovic kept his unit in good order. Technique shone excellent purity, and it was not the case that it summed up in the fire. And people from many different teams neatness in dress, neat, precise teamwork.

- Be careful - added Golubev, releasing Rakovich - all the time go caving. Take care of people. [59]
- Sergey Gordeyevich, calm down! - Golubev appeared before the deputy chief of the Leningrad city police Averkiev.
- What happened? - Asked RTP.
- I hear that you have with water is bad. But by all means necessary to contain the fire. In no case can not prevent its development until the Bypass Canal. Under the bridge stock of explosives. It is difficult to imagine what can happen, I'll walk back fire!
- Do not worry Ivan, it is possible - Golubev said - I think that transportation for several hours, but not in one house on fire is not empty. And if you authority police are working on Water channel to raise the pressure in the network, it will be the best guarantee for the speedy elimination of fire.

Golubev was well aware that if you fail the water, extinguishing the fire is delayed for a long time. But inspire confidence in the first results - fire in the factory "Bolshevichka extinguished in the attic of houses number 26 and number 28 came from the trunks of 7-I team and the junior school nachsostava. Ordering the call to replace Daniel's, he walked around with it on fire Borovoy, Glazovskaya and Volokolamskaya, said positioning of the-pump, the position of existing units, and handed the firefighting young deputy chief of fire services and the UPR served in management - the chief of UPR Colonel Serikov ordered be at 8 o'clock on the wire, will call from Moscow. He went peacefully, knowing that with the guidance perfectly cope avowed tactics fire Danilov, and even at the last minute received a message from the chief engineer Gorvoda Lipkin, which is taking all possible measures and the pressure in the network will be upgraded.
Understanding veyu significance of their work on this festive day, firefighters were working at full capacity. The crash occurred suddenly. Remains of the five-story wall facade of the house on the street Borovoy started, staggered, and as if oplyvaya, went down, burying the brick avalanche crews working on these, the positions of units.

People froze. After the roar of the collapse of the wall in the ensuing dead silence only heard the whistle [60] The water jets from the lost at some point, management trunks. By stairway loft house number 28, jumping over several steps, ran to the accident site Danilov. Everybody who was on fire - and the battle sites, and in the rear - rushed to the scene collapse. A few seconds, people stood in somber silence as to the grave of loved ones. Then he frantically began to scatter fragments of brick, tear pink like okraplennuyu blood comrades dust. But the fire did not stop at the human tragedy that goes off by itself a sign of mourning for the dead! And under the bridge Bypass Canal warehouse of explosives! And if you miss a fire there, the accident at the fire could turn into a tragedy of the city ...

- Attention! Stem on their positions! All free from work on the positions of firefighters to begin excavation of the dam - a loud command Danilova.

To rescue the victims were thrown all the forces of the besieged city. Does not seem to have time to settle the dust after the collapse, as to the accident site arrived units of emergency service, new parts of fire prevention, fire fighters Komsomol Regiment. Two hours of continuing excavations. But few people are able to extract from the rubble walls alive. Signs of life served the chief guard of the 5 th komandry Ambrosovich, commander of the same team Ermakov, the men the 37 th team Martynenkova and the 7 th team Milutin, the cadet school Golosovker. Doctors have long fought to save the life of a gay, cheerful girl, a soldier's 5 th Team Nadia Baikova.

- I'm going to live? - She asked, regaining consciousness in the ambulance on the way to hospital.
- And how! In front of you in front of a huge life after the victory, - the doctor took the girl's hand. She smiled faintly. A minute later Nadia died.

Serious was on this festive day for the relatives and friends firefighters killed in the line of duty. The body of seventeen firefighters were near the street where their comrades continued to fight the fire. Latest from the dam removed the 5 th Chief of the fire brigade Anton Rakovich. He died along with all the calculations of the second-pump, which led [61] attack on the fire on the most difficult part of building facade on the street Borovoy. Near work and now lay beside seven cadets school junior commanders, seven youths have not even had time to realize that one of the most dangerous jobs on earth - the profession of fire.
Instead comment
November 10, 1942 № 440402
Chief GUPO NKVD Major General Bogdanov

November 8, 1942 in 23 hours and 25 minutes in Leningrad, was an air alert. Broken through to the city single enemy planes bombed the city, dropping several FAB and ZAB. As a result of the raid in the city have two fire, which was immediately extinguished by local militias MoEHE. In areas falling FAB our patrols and posts signs of fire were found. In 1 hour 53 minutes followed by a rebound Tues In 2 hours and 54 minutes, ie, more than. three hours after the bombing in one of the lesions on the FAB Borovoy street, M 26, or unknown causes a fire. The fire appeared in the middle of a five-story apartment building, where a blast of a large size (not less than 500 kg) there was extensive destruction of the entire height of the building.

By the time the fire district fire GIC has already covered all the destroyed part of the building both horizontally and vertically, burning spread rapidly, helped by the naked combustible construction and the strong vertical air motion, which passed into the atmosphere large sparks and the head and spreads to adjacent areas. The threat of fire distribution are not only undefeated side of a burning building, but also to the neighboring houses. Soon the fire actually moved on to other buildings: lit bindings in a number of five-storey windows Nadvornaya outbuilding adjoining the end face of the burning building, ignited the roof on a dilapidated three-storey building explosion on the opposite side of the street, and burned the roof and top floor of house number 3 on Soykinu lane where during the bombardment also hit FAB. Due to the difficult situation was the signal is number 4 and the fire caused by 38 cars.

Vigorous actions of fire brigade two hours later, fire was localized within the damaged part of the building, ie, an area of about 500 square meters. meters. Not affected by the explosion and paddy room in a burning house, outdoor outhouse, as well as Ignition house, located on the opposite side of the street, managed to completely save from destruction by fire. Burning at number 3 on Soykinu lane was quickly eliminated fire departments in a timely manner crosses it from the main fire. As a result of tanning burned only destroyed the building. [62]

The process of extinguishing the fire is somewhat complicated due to insufficient water pressure, as well as cluttering up the approaches to the building.

At the time of liquidation of burning on the scene of a fire disaster occurred. About 6 o'clock in the morning suddenly turned over to the side streets of the five-story walls and rubble fell asleep 23 fighter and commander of the fire brigade.

No external signs indicating the possibility of falling walls, and no further than the explosion, sudden impacts on the wall until the fall she was not. In all likelihood, the wall was badly damaged by the explosion and kept from falling only links from intercommunication floors. But as the burning and the strain on the temperature influences intercommunication structures superimposed relation, apparently disintegrated and the wall suddenly capsized.

The disaster has not brought confusion into the ranks of employees of fire protection. Under the leadership of nachsostava all free to work in positions of personnel was hastily thrown to victim assistance. After a short time 5 people have extracted from the wreckage alive, but with the wounds of the body. All of them were immediately sent to the hospital. The remaining 17 people recovered from the wreckage of the dead.

Among the wounded are:
commander of the guard 4 GIC. Ambrosovich, a broken ankle left leg;
commander of the 20 th CPC Ermakov, having a fracture of the left leg;
cadet school MNF Golosovker injured left thigh;
fighter of the 5 th CPC Baikova - concussion;
fighter of the 37 th CPC Martynenkova - fracture of the right leg;
fighter of the 7 th CPC Milutin - Castle right hand.
Among those killed:
Head of the 5 th CPC Rakovic;
commander of the 5 th CPC Salnikov;
fighter of the 4 th CPC Shevchuk;
fighter of the 4 th CPC Orlov;
fighter of the 8 th CPC Mikhailov;
assistant commander of the 8 th CPC Vygodnikov;
fighter of the 8 th CPC Fedotov;
fighter of the 26 th CPC Igolkin;
Fighter 37 th CPC Artemiev;
assistant commander of the 37 th CPC Lebedev;
cadet school MNF Blitsyn;
cadet school MNF Korshunov;
cadet school MNF Varlamov;
cadet school MNF Prokhorov;
cadet school MNF Vorobiev;
cadet school MNF Kichak;
cadet school MNF Karanushenko.
Scheme for fire fighting is attached.
Acting. Head of the Order of Lenin Fire NKVD in Leningrad intendant of rank 2 BI Ends 

1 comment:

Anonymous said...

Il semble que vous soyez un expert dans ce domaine, vos remarques sont tres interessantes, merci.

- Daniel